A basic classification of the universe can be derived from the Ideal Gas equation;

P*V = k*N*T

where k is the Boltzmann constant. It is one of the most fundamental constants of physics. The 4 thermodynamic variables can be mapped to the most universal categories of physics;

P: (Energy,Moomentum)

V: (Time, Spaace)

N: (Mass,Charge)

T: (Gravity,Boson)

Where;

Moomentum = (Momentum,Angular-Momentum,Spin)

Spaace = (Distance,Area,Volume)

Charge = (Electric,Weak,Strong)

Boson = (Light,Weak,Gluon)

The overall 4ness is reflected within each subcategory giving 4*4 = 16 subcategories. It is a mixture of (1,3) and (2,2) symmetries, inside and outside.

Where are the Higgs Boson, Dark Matter and Dark Energy? I think they are in k. They are the fields that the rest float on. They may even make a quartet, predicting another field;

(Higgs,?,DE,DM)

to make 5 categories and 20 subcategories in all.

Where are the Black Hole and the rest? I think they make another quartet;

(Atom,Planet,Star,Black-Hole)

Thus making 6 categories and 24 subcategories. I had a yarn before about the specialness of the number 6. 24 is also a very special number. It is one of John Baez's favorite numbers.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/6_(number)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/24_(number)

math.ucr.edu/home/baez/numbers/24.pdf

If all listed together in a certain order, the symmetry simplifies somehow;

(Higgs,?,DE,DM)

(Time, Distance,Area,Volume)

(Energy,Momentum,Angular-Momentum,Spin)

(Gravity,Light,Weak,Gluon)

(Mass,Electric,Weak,Strong)

(Atom,Planet,Star,Black-Hole)

There is deep symmetry to it with many aspects, each reflecting a mathematical property of 24, starting with the simple arithmetic ones like;

4*6 = 2*2*2*3 = 2*12 = 3*8

## Friday, October 19, 2012

## Friday, October 12, 2012

### BWV-999 analysis continued (3)

There are 43 bars of 3/4 time signature. The last bar is the conclusion and stands apart. The remaining 42 are divided into 7 parts, each with 6 bars. Bach's music, and most music anyway, obey numbers in their organisation. Bach takes it to more extremes.

The harmonic signature (the tonality) is C-minor (Cm) in the original lute version. It has been transcribed to Dm when played on the classical guitar. Dm suits the guitar very well, in that it uses the open strings maximally.

In a way, the prelude is a warm up for the player and the audience and an introduction to the tonality of the instrument and the suites that follow. It is an arpeggio anyway. Its local rhythmic structure is frozen to the arpeggio chosen.

It is divided into melody (temporal) and harmony (spatial). Each supporting the other. The melody is the spine of the piece, and it is made of the even notes, if the 12*16th notes of the bars are numbered 1 to 12. They do not change as quickly, and make a melodic tremolo that cuts through the vertically arranged chords. The arpeggio piece is in fact a melody embellished by the chords that also make up a rhythm with the changes.

The (arpeggio) chords divide into two; treble and bass. They reflect each other. For example the notes (2,3,4) of the 1st bar, are reflected by (9,11,13). 13th note is the 1st of the next bar. This is musical linking, or chaining, that I described before in the link below. The bass chord next to the treble is sometimes an octave above when things resolve and settle down.

Bach used two main chord types here; triads and diminished triads. They are linked by intermediate forms made of inversions (rotations). The treble and bass chords meet at the start of the bars to make the dominant chords made of 4 notes. Eg Dm of the 1st bar; (D,2D,2F,2B). The (1,3) symmetry like that of the Quaternions.

The diminished triads sometimes meet and make a large chord with all notes spaced by a minor 3rd interval. This is the most unstable chord, since it want to be a minor and a major at the same time. Bach uses them as the changing points between the stable triads, which also meet occasionally to make a large chord.

The piece is also divided into two (2*21) with the peak happening in between the 21st and 22nd bars with the EM chord.

Bach builds the harmony around the open strings that are related by being the 4ths (the reverse 5ths) of each other. The guitar has an amazingly harmonic structure in the arrangement of the open strings. More amazingly, the number of the fingers suit this arrangement.

The previous;

http://a-theory-of-nothingness.blogspot.com.au/2007/02/analysis-of-symmetry-in-bwv-999.html

## Wednesday, April 11, 2012

### 12 aspects of being

Anahata |

(((Number,Function),(Operation,Equation)),

((Set/Logic,Analysis),(Algebra,Geometry)),

((Probability,Statistics),(Computation,Information)))

(((Economics,Finance),(Trade,Money)),

((Politics,Religion),(Relationship,Emotion)),

((Science,Philosophy),(Technology,Communications)))

(((Nucleotide,Nucleic-Acid),(Amino-Acid,Protein)),

((Muscle,Neural),(Connective,Epithelial)),

((Inner-Sense,Outer-Sense),(Inner-Action,Outer-Action)))

(((Sound,Syllable),(Word,Sentence)),

((Definition,Explanation),(Description,Conclusion)),

((Expression,Conversation),(Meeting, Conference)))

(((Note,Interval),(Measure,Theme)),

((Tempo,Rhythm),(Melody,Harmony)),

((Solo,Duet),(Chamber,Orchestra)))

(((Higgs?,?),(Dark-Matter?,Dark-Energy?)),

((Position,Momentum),(Charge,Field)),

((Matter,Planet),(Star,Black-Hole)))

I have finally come back to 12, after being stuck on 4 for a while. This time though I reckon I found the symmetry I have been after for a long time. It has the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 included in the overall symmetry, indicating that the classification is in fact a computer. 12 is a very popular number in religion and science. The lists speak for themselves.

The most important outcome is the predictive power of this classification. It places the scalar elements of the universe nicely into the 1st quartet, and predicts an unknown element besides Higgs and the already theorized dark ones. Perhaps Higgs splits into two.

The symmetry has two other less dominant representations;

1. (((,),(,)), ((,),(,)), ((,),(,))) ... 3*4

2. (((,),(,),(,)), ((,),(,),(,))) ... 2*6

3. (((,,),(,,)), ((,,),(,,))) ... 4*3

Following the commutation and association property of multiplication of naturals;

3*4 = 4*3 = 2*6 = 12

Does not seem to have the 6*2 symmetry. It is not surprising that the overall symmetry imitates the small natural numbers, since they are the simplest and purest forms. The pure symmetry of the naturals has to be broken though, to have complexity. 3*4 seems to be the dominant symmetry. I think this is based on the triplet symmetry of numbers;

(0,1,Infinity)

The 3*4 symmetry is in fact 3*2*2 = 3!!, the double factorial of 3. The double factorial has a self reference; it reiterates itself.

An interesting thing that seems to be related to this classification is the Kleiber's Law. It relates the metabolic rate of animals to their masses;

Metabolic Rate ~ m^(3/4)

It's explanation involves the self similarity and the fractal structure of the metabolism.

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